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El Niño and La Niña
Latest status (November 2015)

Sea surface temperatures in the central to eastern equatorial Pacific continued to warm in the past couple of months and a strong El Niño event, the most intense since the 1997/98 episode, persisted. Taking into account the latest oceanic observations and forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, the El Niño is expected to persist into spring (March – May) 2016.

Sea surface temperature anomalies
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)

Figure 1.    Sea surface temperature anomalies of 4 - 31 October 2015 in degree Celsius.

1. The next update will be available in the latter half of January 2016.

Related links:
What are El Niño, La Niña, ENSO?
The impact of El Niño and La Niña on the climate of Hong Kong
References on El Niño and La Niña

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