Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese

El Niño and La Niña
Latest status (August 2016)

Sea surface temperatures of the central and eastern equatorial Pacific continued to cool in the past two months. Based on the latest oceanic observations as well as forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, the cooling trend of sea surface temperature is expected to persist. It is likely that La Niña will start to develop in autumn (September – November) 2016.

Sea surface temperature anomalies
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)

Figure 1    Sea surface temperature anomalies of 3 - 30 July 2016 in degree Celsius.


1. The next update will be available in the latter half of October 2016.

Related links:
What are El Niño, La Niña, ENSO?
The impact of El Niño and La Niña on the climate of Hong Kong
Seasonal and annual rainfall charts
Blogs relating to El Niño/La Niña
References on El Niño and La Niña
Seasonal forecastAnnual outlookClimate change

For further information on this webpage, please contact Mr. F C Sham (tel:2926 3102,