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El Niño and La Niña
Latest status (June 2016)

With the continual weakening of the El Niño in the past several months, ENSO-neutral conditions have returned in May 2016. Based on the latest oceanic observations as well as forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, sea surface temperatures of the central and eastern equatorial Pacific are expected to cool further. It is likely that La Niña will start to develop in the latter half of the year.

Sea surface temperature anomalies
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)

Figure 1.    Sea surface temperature anomalies of 1 - 28 May 2016 in degree Celsius.


1. The next update will be available in the latter half of August 2016.

Related links:
What are El Niño, La Niña, ENSO?
The impact of El Niño and La Niña on the climate of Hong Kong
Seasonal and annual rainfall charts
Blogs relating to El Niño/La Niña
References on El Niño and La Niña
Seasonal forecastAnnual outlookClimate change