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El Niño and La Niña
Latest status (September 2015)

With sea surface temperatures in the central to eastern equatorial Pacific warming further in the past couple of months, the El Niño has developed into a strong event. Taking into account the latest oceanic observations and forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, the El Niño is expected to persist through this winter (December 2015 – February 2016).

Sea surface temperature anomalies
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)

Figure 1.    Sea surface temperature anomalies of 2 - 29 August 2015 in degree Celsius.

1. The next update will be available in the latter half of November 2015.

Related links:
What are El Niño, La Niña, ENSO?
The impact of El Niño and La Niña on the climate of Hong Kong
References on El Niño and La Niña

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