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El Niño and La Niña
Latest status (January 2016)


The strong El Niño persisted in the past couple of months. Taking into account the latest oceanic observations and forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, the El Niño is expected to weaken gradually in the coming months, transitioning to ENSO-neutral conditions by the summer (June – August) of 2016.


Sea surface temperature anomalies
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)

Figure 1.    Sea surface temperature anomalies of 29 November - 26 December 2015 in degree Celsius.


Note:
1. The next update will be available in the latter half of March 2016.


Related links:
What are El Niño, La Niña, ENSO?
The impact of El Niño and La Niña on the climate of Hong Kong
Seasonal and annual rainfall charts
Blogs relating to El Niño/La Niña
References on El Niño and La Niña
Seasonal forecastAnnual outlookClimate change