Sea surface temperatures in the central to eastern equatorial Pacific continued to warm in the past couple of months and a strong El Niño event, the most intense since the 1997/98 episode, persisted. Taking into account the latest oceanic observations and forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, the El Niño is expected to persist into spring (March – May) 2016.
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
Figure 1. Sea surface temperature anomalies of 4 - 31 October 2015 in degree Celsius.
1. The next update will be available in the latter half of January 2016.